PIL Full Form: What is the full form of PIL

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PIL Full Form: What is the meaning of PIL

PIL full form, What is the full form of PIL in English, What is PIL, How to access PIL, Who operates the PIL, What is PIL Full Form, and meaning of PIL in English, how PIL started, friends do you know, what is the full form of PIL, if your answer is no, then you have nothing to be sad.

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PIL Full Form


The full form of PIL is “Public Interest Litigation”, which means any petition filed in the Supreme Court or High Court by any person or organization in the interest of the public, let us now go ahead and you will get a little more detailed information about it.

The judicial system of India allows any person or group of people to initiate litigation by addressing only a letter to a judge. PIL can be filed directly in the Supreme Court of India and High Courts of India for matters relating to the public interest, such as road safety, polluted environment, construction-related hazards, etc.

The need for PIL arises when it is felt that the public interest has been undermined. The government and in such a situation the court directly accepts the general public good. The principles of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) are enshrined in Article 39A of the Indian Constitution.

What is the process to fill the PIL?

If we talk about the process of filing PIL? So first of all, let us tell you that it is very easy to file a PIL, but before filing it, it is necessary for the petitioner

To examine the matter thoroughly and collect all the documents related to it.

Before doing this, you must consult a lawyer and choose your lawyer, although you can also argue in person, for this you need to have a deep knowledge of the issue.

Once you are ready with the PIL copy and intend to file it in the High Court (High Court), submit two copies of the petition to the court, in addition, each respondent must be given a copy of the petition in advance.

The copy must be sent and the defendants must attach the proof of the copy sent to the petition, if you are filing a PIL in the Supreme Court, then five copies of the petition should be filed before the court. The copy is given to the defendant only when notice is issued from the court.

What is PIL

Public interest litigation may be a medium during which public issues associated with minority or disadvantaged groups or individuals are raised through litigation or legal proceedings.

In simple words, Public Interest Litigation is the result of judicial activism, through which an individual or an NGO or a citizen group can seek justice in court on issues that involve a larger public interest.

In fact, public interest litigation is a way to effect social change in a legal way. Its objective is to provide access to the judiciary to the common people to get maximum legal aid.

Public Interest Litigation (PIL) is a practice or a technique that focuses on the citizens of the country, the main objective of this school of jurisprudence – PIL is to protect the people of the nation. Also, before going into the intricacies of PIL, let us understand what exactly it is and how it benefits us.

You must be constantly reading in the news that any person, leader, and party has filed a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in the High Court or Supreme Court, then the question will come to the mind that what is it and how is it filed.

How to filed PIL

If the fundamental rights of Indian citizens are being violated, a petition can be filed in the High Court and Supreme Court to protect the rights.

A petition can be filed in the High Court under Article 226 and in the Supreme Court under Article 32. If the rights of anyone person is being violated then it will be considered as personal ie personal interest litigation and if more people are being affected then it will be considered as public interest litigation, the person who has put the PIL will have to tell the court how in that case The interest of the common people is being affected.

The court decides whether the petition filed is public interest or not. In this, the government is made the respondent. After the hearing, the Supreme Court and the High Court issue appropriate directions to the government.

Meaning and definitions of public interest litigation

In addition to what is stated in the above paragraph, PIL seeks initiation by a group of people. These people belong to the country where the suit is filed, moreover, it is important to understand that PIL is a practice that allows the following to be filed for litigation –

An individual; or
A group of people

In addition, this individual person or a group of people can directly file a petition of interest with the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court of India, apart from the High Courts as well as judicial members, is capable of accepting litigation files, in addition, it is also important to note that the person or persons filing the petition should not have any interest in litigation, In other words, the petitioners should not file a litigation petition keeping in mind the personal agenda. The court allowed the case only when the petition comes from a larger public interest.

Importance of Public Interest Litigation

Some of the important importance and scope of public interest litigation are as follows –

Public interest litigation provides a wide scope for promoting the right to equality.

Not only does it promote equality, but it also ensures the right to life and individuality. Part III of the Constitution of India guarantees the right to quality, life, and personality.

Fully responsible for providing relief and remedy within the jurisdiction of the Public Interest Litigation.

PIL practice serves as an effective instrument to transform society and ensure welfare.

Also, with the help of public interest litigation, one can take measures on behalf of the less-privileged class by initiating public interest litigation.

Who can file a Public Interest Litigation?

Any person or a group of people can file a PIL if they prove to the courts that they are not petitioning for their individual agenda, therefore, whoever is a part of a society and is facing a problem.

He can file public interest litigation against the government and not against any other person or entity.

Fee for filing PIL?

Filing of PIL is much cheaper as compared to other legal matters, a fee of Rs.50 has to be paid for each respondent mentioned in a PIL and the same has to be mentioned in the petition.

But the cost of the entire proceeding of the case also depends on the lawyer whom the petitioner authorizes to argue on his behalf.

Where can PILs be filed?

Public interest litigations can be filed only in the Supreme Court or High Court.

Any suit to protect the public interest in public interest litigation. It is different from other normal court cases and in this, it is not necessary that the aggrieved party should go to the court itself, it is a case done by any citizen in favor of the victims.

The court itself can also initiate it by taking cognizance of any information. Such cases so far have affected the broad areas of Prisons and Prisons, Armed Forces, Child Labour, Bonded Labour, Urban Development, Environment and Resources, Customer Affairs, Education, Politics and Elections, Public Policy and Accountability, Human Rights, and Judiciary itself.

Judicial activism and the spread of PILs have largely paralleled, and PILs are generally welcomed and supported by the middle-class.

Public interest litigation is not defined in the Indian Constitution or any law, it is derived from the Constitutional interpretation of the Supreme Court.

The biggest contribution of public interest litigation was that it gave rise to many new rights, for example, it gave rise to a speedy trial, right against custodial torture, right against slavery, right against sexual harassment, asylum.

And the right to housing, the right to live a dignified life, the right to a clean environment, the right to education, the right to legal aid, the right to health protection, and many other such rights, on the whole, gave a lot of prestige to the Judiciary. And many jurists saw this contribution of the Judiciary as a process of Reenactment.

The speed in the legal process under Public Interest Litigations and Right to Information to get justice can be compared with the expansion of mobile telephone and internet in communication.

But now there is also a fear that these petitions should not become just a means of wasting time, the Supreme Court of the country has also strongly criticized such petitions in many cases in the last decade, calling them ‘interference’.

Have been given the name of ‘doers’ and many times the fear of rejecting these petitions has also been shown. Some problems have now arisen due to these PILs.

Public interest litigation is the use of law to advance human rights and equality or to raise issues of wider public concern.

It helps to advance the cause of minority or disadvantaged groups or individuals, matters of public interest can arise from both public and private law matters.

Public law concerns the various rules and regulations that govern the exercise of power by public bodies. Private law concerns matters that do not involve a public body and can be found in areas such as employment law or family law, with public interest litigation being most commonly used to challenge the decisions of public authorities by judicial review.

A judicial review is a form of court proceedings in which a judge reviews the legality of a decision or action, or failure to act by a public body, judicial review is concerned with whether a law is properly implemented. done, and correct procedures have been followed.

The biggest contribution of PIL has been in increasing the accountability of governments towards the human rights of the poor.

The PIL develops a new jurisprudence of state accountability for constitutional and legal violations that adversely affect the interests of vulnerable elements in the community. However, the judiciary should exercise sufficient caution in the application of PILs to avoid judicial overload which is violative of the principle of the power of separation, furthermore, PILs with vested interests should be discouraged to keep their workload manageable.


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Here we will discuss the PIL full form, What is the full form of PIL, Who has the authority to file the PIL, Where we can file the petition, and much more in this.

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